Demographic report

The birth rate in Finland has declined steadily throughout the 2010s and was at its lowest ever level in 2018. At the same time, Finland is one of the first welfare states in the world where a significant proportion of the population is aged. Finland’s demographic situation is unprecedented on an international scale.

In spring 2020, the Prime Minister’s Office launched a project that sought to examine the causes of the current demographic situation in Finland and made policy recommendations to ensure sustainable demographic development.

The project was exploring the following aspects of the situation:

  • The effects of economic, social and regional inequality on birth rates
  • The effects of demographic development and changes in the dependency ratio on public finances, the supply of labour and the financing of services needed to maintain the welfare state
  • The effects of improving the family-friendliness of working life and the child-friendliness of society on birth rates
  • Changes in individuals’ desires, needs and expectations in the 2000s and their effects on birth rates
  • Ensuring safe old age and ageing as a social issue.

The principal investigator in the project was Research Professor Anna Rotkirch.

Executive summary of the Finnish population policy report “Recovery of the birth rate and longer life expectancy – population policy guidelines for the 2020s”

New report explores demographic challenges and opportunities in the 2020s

10.3.2021 9.06
The birth rate in Finland decreased by one quarter in the 2010s, and our population structure is among the oldest in the world. With this in mind, a project launched by Prime Minister Sanna Marin aimed to examine reasons for the current demographic situation and to present guidelines for securing sustainable demographic development.

International population policy webinar on 26 October 2020 at 13.00–16.00

9.10.2020 12.14
Keynote speakers Professor Wolfgang Lutz, Dr Elena Rovenskaya and Professor Axel Boersch-Supan
What are the objectives and instruments of modern population policy? How can we anticipate demographic change and ensure a smooth process proactively? These issues and others will be explored at the international webinar “Population Policies and Human Resources in Europe”, which will take place on Monday 26 October starting at 13.00.

Research Professor Anna Rotkirch appointed to draw up a demographic report

16.6.2020 8.08
kuva: vauva, Pasi Markkanen
The Prime Minister’s Office has launched a project to examine the causes of the current demographic situation in Finland and to make policy recommendations to ensure sustainable demographic development. Research Professor Anna Rotkirch has been appointed to produce the report. The project will be supported by a steering group consisting of the State Secretaries of the parties in Government and by an independent scientific panel on population policy.

Sanna Malkki, Specialist 
Prime Minister's Office, Government Strategy Department, Policy Planning Unit 0295160312