The Brexit page will be updated according to the new EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement. Some parts of the page still include information that is not updated. I  European Commission press release 24.12.

Effects of Brexit on citizens

The UK’s withdrawal from the EU will have a wide range of impacts on people’s freedom of movement, trade in goods and services, air and road transport, the energy market and various EU programmes. The withdrawal agreement, which entered into force on 1 February 2020, protects the acquired rights to residence, employment and social security, in accordance with EU law and for life, of persons who have exercised their right to free movement before 1 January 2021. On 1 January 2021, the free movement of persons was replaced by the mobility provisions of the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, which are clearly more limited.


Free movement of persons between EU Member States

  • No border checks
  • Pet passports in use
  • Visa-free travel
  • Right to work, study or reside in the country
  • No roaming charges

Movement of persons between the EU and the United Kingdom

  • Border checks in effect
  • Pet passports not in use
  • Visa-free travel for stays of up to 90 days within a 180-day period
  • No visa-free travel for stays exceeding 90 days
  • Right to work, study or reside in the country subject to the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement
  • Roaming charges in effect

As of 1 January 2021, EU and UK citizens may travel without a visa for short stays of up to 90 days in each other’s territory over a 180-day period.

Effects of Brexit on the travel and residence rights of UK citizens in Finland | Ministry of the Interior

As of 1 January 2021, imports of animals and animal products from the United Kingdom are subject to the terms of import from third countries.

Effects of Brexit on imports of animals and animal products | Finnish Food Authority

As of 1 January 2021, the EU rules on the pricing of mobile phone use are no longer in force for mobile communications between the UK and the EU, so operators will agree on roaming charges on commercial grounds. 

Effects of Brexit on roaming | Finnish Transport and Communications Agency


Trade in goods between EU Member States

  • No tariffs or quotas
  • No customs formalities
  • No health or phytosanitary checks
  • No rules of origin procedures
  • Fisheries agreement between Member States
  • EU’s international trade agreements in effect

Trade in goods between the EU and the United Kingdom

  • No tariffs or quotas
  • Customs formalities in effect under the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement
  • Health and phytosanitary checks in use
  • Rules of origin procedures under the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement
  • Fisheries agreement under the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement
  • EU’s international trade agreements not in effect

The free movement of goods and services between the EU and the UK ended on 1 January 2021. From the beginning of 2021, trade between the EU and the UK is subject to the new EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement. If a business imports products into the EU, the products must comply with EU requirements. If a business engages in trade with the UK, it must follow the customs clearance procedures that are required for trade with third countries.

Trade in goods | Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment

All shipments ordered from the UK valued at more than EUR 22 are subject to customs duties and VAT. In addition, you may be charged customs duties on your shipments to the UK.

Effects of Brexit on private customers | Finnish Customs


Trade in services between EU Member States

  • Financial services passport in use between Member States
  • Easy recognition of professional qualifications

Trade in services between the EU and the United Kingdom

  • No financial service passport
  • No easy recognition of professional qualifications

The EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement covers financial services in the same way as they are generally covered in the EU's free trade agreements with non-EU countries. 

Effects of Brexit on financial services | Ministry of Finance

The new trade and economic relationship between the EU and the UK opens up the possibility for future negotiations on the mutual recognition of professional qualifications.

Mutual recognition of professional qualifications | Prime Minister's Office


Air transport between EU Member States

  • Single aviation area, full freedoms
  • Bilateral fifth freedoms for extra-EU air cargo

Air transport between the EU and the United Kingdom

  • Not part of the single aviation area, no full freedoms
  • Bilateral fifth freedoms for extra-EU air cargo under the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement

Effects of Brexit impact on travel | Finnish Transport and Communications Agency


Road transport between EU Member States

  • Single internal market for transport operators
  • Cross-border transports

Road transport between the EU and the United Kingdom

  • Not part of the single internal market for transport operators
  • Cross-border transports subject to the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement

Effects of Brexit on road transport operators | Finnish Transport and Communications Agency


Energy markets between EU Member States

  • Single internal energy market
  • Energy trading platforms in use

Energy markets between the EU and the United Kingdom

  • Not part of the single internal energy market
  • Energy trading platforms in use under the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement

EU energy markets | European Commission
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Member States and EU programmes

  • Access to Erasmus
  • Access to NextGeneration and SURE
  • Included in the Galileo encrypted military signal programme
  • Access to Horizon Europe

UK and EU programmes

  • No access to Erasmus
  • No access to NextGeneration and SURE
  • Not included in the Galileo encrypted military signal programme
  • Access to Horizon Europe under the special conditions defined in the Trade and Cooperation Agreement

The UK is no longer participating in the Erasmus+ cooperation programme. In its place, the UK has announced that it will set up its own exchange programme.

Effects of Brexit on studies | Ministry of Education and Culture


Social security

With regard to the coordination of social security, the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement reached in December 2020 aims to safeguard certain rights of Finnish and UK citizens. This applies to EU citizens working in, travelling to or moving to the UK and to UK citizens working in, travelling to or moving to the EU after 1 January 2021.

Effects of Brexit on social security and healthcare services | Ministry of Social Affairs and Health
Effects of Brexit on benefits provided by Kela | Kela.fi

Effects of Brexit on Finnish citizens in the UK

Effects of Brexit on Finnish citizens in the UK

Effects on Finnish citizens in the UK

Effects of Brexit on UK citizens in Finland

Effects of Brexit on UK citizens in Finland

Effects on UK citizens in Finland